Approach to Architectural Drawing

Introduction to the Approach to Architectural Drawing

We are beginning with a new tab on “Architectural Drawing”. We will cover a wide range of topics regarding Architectural Drawing which will help Architecture and Engineering students to achieve excellence in Drawing.

Let’s begin with our lessons on Architectural Drawing.

Art in the past was an intellectual, scientific and poetic discipline. Draftsmanship was of primary importance, though drawing has been playing a service role to painting, sculpture and architecture.

Contemporary art/Architecture has to return to classical roots for redefinition for standards and precepts. Follow that route and you will learn soon enough.

Architectural Drawing
Architectural Drawing

The importance of spending months on the fundamentals of drawing may not be obvious immediately. Repetition unavoidably is the key. Repeated acts of seeing, selecting, and thinking through the physical marking on paper are indispensable to growth.

Reading about Architecture or talking about drawing will not do what pencil in hand will do. Drawing takes repeated effort. But at the outset, a great deal of technical discipline/drawing etiquette must usually come before creative leaps.

Distractions to be avoided

  1. Feel blocked/frustrated
  2. Copying – Need to develop comprehension beyond copying.
  3. Do not latch on the flashy techniques too early in your career – You may lose a great deal of integrity and individualism in expression.

Values | Architectural Drawing

Values | Architectural Drawing

The scale of gradations between light and dark. Values are used to help identify volumes in space. The disposition of volumes embodies both the gestural characteristics derived from the object and the objects basic geometric form.


Values | Architectural Drawing
Values | Architectural Drawing

Types of Values

Local Values – Values as they appear.

Reverse Values

Values through Hatching

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Line | Element of Drawing and Design

Line | Element of Drawing and Design

Motor/Visual Coordination

A line is a meeting of two points through a stroke.

The ease of drawing a line and its length differs with respect to :

  1. Finger Movement
  2. Wrist Movement
  3. Elbow Movement

Lines drawn by the movement of finger, Wrist and Elbow respectively
Lines drawn by the movement of finger, Wrist and Elbow respectively

A line has to be drawn with one stroke with the beginning and ends emphasized.

Types of Strokes

  1. Thin/Thick
  2. Light to Dark
  3. Dark/Light/Dark
  4. Light/Dark/Light
  5. With Varied Pressure

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Layout of a Typical Drawing sheet and method of Dimensioning

Example of the Layout of a Typical Drawing Sheet | Architectural Drawing

In this article, we will illustrate the layout pattern of a drawing sheet which should be adopted by an Architect or an Engineer. The systematic layout helps the client understand the drawing in a better way. Also, the masons and the Contractors are dependent on the drawings prepared by the Architects and Engineers. The clarity in drawings and systematic approach helps to keep the matters under control and prevents complexities.

Typical Layout of a Drawing Sheet
Typical Layout of a Drawing Sheet

Dimensioning of the Drawings

Purpose of the dimensioning of the drawings

The drawings are detailed dimensioned for the purpose of accurate execution. The dimensioning has to be done in three layers.

  1. First layer(line) of dimensioning would include every single and smaller dimensions
  2. Second layer(line) would consist of dimensioning of two or more dimensions together for easy understanding
  3. Third layer(line) would consist of dimensioning of the entire length

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