Technical Transformations in Architecture | Impact of Industrial Revolution

Architectural transformations were the main focus since the beginning of industrial revolution.
Three major types of architectural transformations were brought about:

  1. Cultural transformations that we discussed in the earlier article
  2. Technical transformations
  3. Terrotorial transformations

In this article, we will deal with “Technical transformations in Architecture”.

Kew Gardens - Cast iron house at the Botanical garden
Kew Gardens - Cast iron house at the Botanical garden

Industrial revolution brought about in the development of machines working on steam power which brought about the development of railways.

Rotary steam power and the iron frame came into being at around the same time through the interdependent efforts of three men:

  1. James Watt
  2. Abraham Darby
  3. John Wilkinson
  4. Read more

Architectural & Cultural Transformations after the Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution had a great impact on the field of Architecture. Technological innovations brought about a great deal of change in the work of an Architect. This was the period of “expansion of creativity” and brought about various Architectural Transformations.

The three major divisions of the Architectural Transformations are as follows:

  1. Cultural Transfromations
  2. Technical Transformations
  3. Territorial Transformations

Cultural Transformations

The architecture of Neo-classicism seems to have emerged out of two different but related developments which radically transformed the relationship between man and nature.

Neoclassical style - Monticello House
Neoclassical style - Monticello House

There was a sudden change and increase in man’s capacity to have control over nature, which by 17th century had begun to advance beyond the technical frontiers of Renaissance. There was change in the nature of human consciousness, in response to major changes taking place in the society. It gave birth to the cultural transformation taking place in the society.

Read more